TOP FEMALE TECH EXECS BY TENURE AT CURRENT FIRM
We all know about the dismal number of female CEOs and directors in corporate America. But their small number also creates a unique opportunity to study those women who are making to the top. We may not be investigative journalists, but we do consider ourselves keen observers of female leaders, and we’re very interested in all aspects of their career and success. This week we decided to do some research on some of the most senior women at the largest tech companies in the Fairygodboss database.
We first looked at the executive management teams of 10 companies: Apple, Google, IBM, Intel, Cisco, Oracle, HP, Microsoft, Amazon, and Facebook. From there, we made a list of all the women (totaling 25) holding titles of either Senior Vice President or Executive Vice President. We categorized them by business function (e.g. operations vs human resources) and to bring some focus to our research, we zoned in on the 12 women who appear to manage divisions with P&L responsibilities (including obviously the CEO and COO).
TOP FEMALE TECH EXECS BY BUSINESS FUNCTION
We read their official bios, google-bombed them, examined their social media profiles, and just generally tried to understand a few things about them: What were their career paths? What were their educational backgrounds? What else did they share in common?
Here’s what we found. Female executives in this group were likely to be:
- Loyal company employees with 10+ years at their current employer
- Promoted to their current positions within the past few years
- Married with children
- Holders of an undergraduate degree in economics or engineering
- Daughters of mothers they considered role models
- Beneficiaries of a mentorship or sponsorship relationship with a current or former CEO
- Blond, and from the west coast
While causation and correlation shouldn’t be confused, these women appear highly loyal. Nobody on our list could be described as a “job hopper.” Those who spent less than a decade at their present employer, spent similar amounts of time at their prior employer. Almost none had CVs listing more than 2-3 companies over the course of their entire career. Perhaps this is simply a generational thing, since few millennials seem to exhibit this kind of loyalty to a company. Another explanation may be that takes a long time to build the political capital required to get to these levels. Once credibility is established, it might be quite costly to move. Moreover, several women appear to have had close sponsorship, mentorship or protege relationships with current or former CEOs (Ahrendts, Wojcicki, James, Catz and Sandberg).
TOP FEMALE TECH EXECS: YEAR OF MOST RECENT PROMOTION
Approximately 75% of these women were promoted to their senior roles recently (i.e. in the past 3-5 years). It may be coincidental but we suspect that this timing might also be due to increasing awareness about gender diversity. Certainly the media has focused on these executives’ gender. Many of these women were interviewed or spoke at events where they were asked questions about their personal balancing act as mothers and wives (Ahrendts, Wojcicki, van Kralingen, Bryant, Catz, Whitman, Johnson, Sandberg). Overall, however, these women are relatively private digital citizens: 1/3 of them don’t even have LinkedIn profiles.
A significant percentage of these women have talked publicly about their relatively modest or middle-class backgrounds (Ahrendts, Bryant, Catz), and some are on record citing their mothers as early role models (Rometty, Jacoby, Reese). While at least half attended Ivy League or “top” universities, the other half attended local colleges. Regardless of their alma mater’s prestige, half of these women earned either economics (Jacoby, Whitman, Sandeberg) or engineering degrees (Rometty, Bryant, Johnson).
TOP FEMALE TECH EXECS: UNDERGRADUATE DEGREE
TOP FEMALE TECH EXECS: ALMA MATERS
For further reading on these women, we’ve tried to summarize our findings and share some of the better articles about them.
Angela Ahrendts — It’s doubtful we can say anything new about Ahrendts so we thought the best thing we could do is highlight the best of what we’ve found online. Much ink has been spilled about her tenure and accomplishments at Burberry in particular, but unlike most of her fellow female executives in this report, she is quite open about her personal life, beliefs and views on “work-life balance“. She hails from Indiana where she also received a degree in Merchandising and Marketing from Ball State University and gave this revealing commencement speech in 2010. One significant former mentor she had is Donna Karan, who stepped down from her eponymous company recently. Ahrendts is married with three children.
Susan Wojcicki – Wojcicki’s infamous garage was Google’s first office and after being their first landlord, Wojcicki became an early employee. She is currently Senior Vice President and CEO of YouTube. She has been with the company since 1998, and previously ran Google’s early revenue generators: AdWords, AdSense and Analytics businesses. Wojcicki is a mother of five and is well-known for her support of mothers and work-life balance. She earned a degree in history and literature from Harvard University, a Masters in Economics from the University of California, Santa Cruz, and completed her MBA at UCLA. Before Google, she worked briefly as a management consultant.
Virginia Rometty – Appointed President and CEO in 2012, Rometty has spent all but two years of her career at IBM. She was previously SVP of Sales, Marketing and Strategy. She cites her single, working mother and midwestern upbringing as the eldest of four children as important early influences o her career. Rometty is married with no children. She earned a bachelor’s degree in Computer Science and Engineering (via scholarship) from Northwestern University.
Bridget van Kralingen – SVP of IBM’s Global Business Services, van Kralingen runs IBM’s consulting business. Previously she was the General Manager of IBM’s North American business. Hailing originally from South Africa, she holds a Masters of Commerce degree from the University of South Africa and Bachelors of Commerce degree from the University of Witwatersrand. Prior to joining IBM in 2004, she was a Managing Partner at Deloitte in their Financial Services Sector.
Renee James – Though news has just broken of her departure at Intel to come at the end of the year, James has spent almost her entire career at Intel. She is apparently seeking and interested in a CEO position elsewhere. Appointed as President of the company in 2013, James was a protege of founder and CEO Andy Grove early in her career. Prior to her role as President, she ran Intel’s Software and Services Group. She joined Intel in 1989 via the acquisition of her former employer Bell Communications.
Diane Bryant – Senior Vice President of the Data Centers Group, Bryant . By all accounts very supportive of women in technology and women studying engineering, she comes from a modest upbringing in Sacramento, California. She holds 4 patents, and is a married mother to 2 children. She discusses her approach to work-life balance here.
Rebecca Jacoby – Recently promoted to SVP of Operations at Cisco, Jacoby was for many years the CIO of Cisco. She received degrees from the University of the Pacific and Santa Clara University. She advocates for women and cites her mother’s influence on her. She is the eighth of nine children but has no children of her own.
Safra Catz – Co-CEO of Oracle since 2014, Catz joined Oracle as a Managing Director at the investment bank Donaldson, Lufkin & Jenrette. She held roles ranging from President, CFO and Director at Oracle and is largely credited for Oracle’s acquisition of PeopleSoft. She’s noted to have an unusual relationship and history with Oracle founder and former CEO, Larry Ellison. Born in Israel, she grew up in Massachusetts and is married with two children.
Meg Whitman – Whitman joined HP as a Director on the Board in 2011 and was nominated CEO of the company in the same year. Previously, she had unsuccessfully run for the Governor of California and prior to that she was CEO of eBay, overseeing the company from 1998-2008 when the company grew from 30 employees and $4 million in revenue into a 15,000 employee company generating $8 billion in revenue. She is married with two children.
Peggy Johnson – Appointed as Executive Vice President of Business Development, Johnson joined Microsoft in 2014 from Qualcomm where she was most recently Executive Vice President of Global Market Development and spent 24 years in various business divisions. Johnson’s presidency of the high-profile Qualcomm Internet Services and MediaFLO Technologies divisions is well-known. She is a mother, holds a degree in electrical engineering from San Diego State University and has written this piece offering advice to help women in technology.
Sheryl Sandberg – Sandberg is a household name for her support and advocacy on behalf of women, so we will simply focus primarily on her career and educational accomplishments. She is COO of Facebook, which she joined from Google in 2008 where she was Vice President of Global Online Sales. She was briefly a McKinsey consultant and worked as Larry Summers’ chief of Staff for 5 years while he was Chief of Staff at the Treasury Department. She is a mother and received her undergraduate and MBA degrees from Harvard University.
Does anything about these profiles surprise you? Does anything about it make you think differently about gender diversity and advancement opportunities at these companies? Share your point of view at Fairygodboss.com — where women help women succeed.